Sinusitis: Free Yourself from this Condition
If you have ever suffered from the dreaded sinusitis, you know the discomfort it causes. This condition is very common nowadays and can be treated by a general practitioner or an otolaryngologist. The name may sound complicated, but the treatment is simpler than you might think.
Sinusitis is simply an inflammation of the mucous membranes in the facial sinuses, which are bony cavities around the nose, cheeks, and eyes. It can be triggered by an infection, an allergy, or any factor that hinders the drainage of sinus secretions, affecting both the sinus and nasal mucous membranes.
Sinusitis is often caused by the Influenza virus, making it common during flu outbreaks. It can also result from bacterial development in nasal secretions that become trapped within the nasal sinuses, especially after severe allergy cases.
Types of Sinusitis
Sinusitis can be categorized into two types:
- Acute Sinusitis: Symptoms are present for less than 12 weeks.
- Chronic Sinusitis: Swelling and inflammation of the nasal sinuses persist for more than 12 weeks.
Both chronic and acute sinusitis exhibit similar signs and symptoms, with acute sinusitis often associated with a temporary sinus infection during a cold. The main symptoms include:
- Headache, which may extend to the eyes and nose.
- Sore throat.
- Difficulty breathing.
- Loss of smell and taste.
- Bad breath.
Causes of Sinusitis
Several factors can cause sinusitis, including:
- Allergic reactions: Exposure to airborne substances or chemicals can trigger sinusitis.
- Allergies: Other allergic conditions like rhinitis and asthma can contribute to sinusitis.
- Deviated nasal septum: Misalignment of the nasal septum can restrict or block nasal passages.
- Weakened immunity: Immune-related diseases can result in nasal obstruction.
- Respiratory infections: Influenza, colds, and other respiratory illnesses.
Preventing acute sinusitis involves keeping the nasal mucosa hydrated and seeking medical attention to manage colds and flu. Additionally, there are habits that can help with prevention:
- Healthy diet: Consuming a well-balanced diet that includes all food groups is essential for boosting immunity.
- Hydration: Staying hydrated can prevent infections.
- Steam inhalation: Inhalation of steam helps prevent dry nasal mucous membranes and accumulation of impurities.
- Allergy testing: Respiratory allergy tests can identify the cause of sinusitis, allowing for more precise treatment.
- No smoking: Smoking is harmful to everyone, but for those with allergies, it can significantly worsen sinusitis.
- Regular exercise: Engaging in physical activity is essential for controlling respiratory diseases.
- Nasal irrigation: Nasal irrigation helps liquefy secretions in the nasal sinuses, facilitating drainage.